The BitTorrent network is the most popular form of file sharing. Over the years, the use of the BitTorrent protocol has become the main way of exchanging files with software, music, and movies on the Internet.
BitTorrent is not a program. It is a file upload method using a distributed peer-to-peer sharing system. A peer-to-peer P2P (peer to peer) network is a network that is based on the equality of its participants. Each node in a peer-to-peer network is a client and acts as a server. The BitTorrent puncture was written by American programmer Bram Cohen in Python in 2001. BitTorrent is freely distributed under an open-source license.
- Peer (English peer – an accomplice) – a client who takes part in the distribution.
- Sid (English seeder – sower) is a peer who has 100% of the file, and he distributes it to other users.
- A torrent tracker is a torrent server. Most often, a tracker is called a site that posts links to torrent files, for example, Rutor or Rutracker.
The uniqueness of the BitTorrent protocol is that it provides file sharing for all users who have downloaded or are in the process of downloading the file. For example, one movie is split into hundreds of small parts, and then each user downloads a piece and distributes it to other users. The more people share the file, the faster the file downloads to your computer.
How to download a program or movie via Torrent?
To download a file, such as a video, you need to locate and download the torrent file (.torrent file extension) on the tracker, and then open it with your BitTorrent client.
The most popular torrent client is µTorrent. In fact, the torrent file acts as a key to start downloading content. A torrent file contains information that tells your BitTorrent client where there are peers that share and download files. After µTorrent has scanned the file, it will try to connect to the list of specific trackers and establish a connection. If successful, the client will start downloading content.
Is it legal to use torrents?
The use of torrents is not prohibited by law in Russia. Over the years, torrents have become synonymous with illegal activity due to the large number of users abusing pirated content. You can legally own a gun for hunting, but you can also use it to rob a bank. BitTorrent is perfectly legal technology, but the main question is how you use it.